What are the 8 rules for commas?
Commas (Eight Basic Uses)Use a comma to separate independent clauses. … Use a comma after an introductory clause or phrase. … Use a comma between all items in a series. … Use commas to set off nonrestrictive clauses. … Use a comma to set off appositives. … Use a comma to indicate direct address. … Use commas to set off direct quotations.More items…
How do you use a comma with and?
The word and is a conjunction, and when a conjunction joins two independent clauses, you should use a comma with it. The proper place for the comma is before the conjunction. On Monday we’ll see the Eiffel Tower, and on Tuesday we’ll visit the Louvre.
What are the 12 rules for commas?
ShareUse a comma to separate items in a list (but beware of the serial comma). … Use a comma to join independent clauses. … Use a comma to join a dependent clause and an independent clause. … Use a comma following an introductory word group. … Use a comma to interrupt a sentence or to provide additional information.More items…
What are the 5 Rules of commas?
Use a comma after an introductory phrase or clause. … Use commas before and after a parenthetical phrase or clause. … Use a comma to separate two independent clauses linked by a coordinating conjunction (and, but, for, nor or, so, yet) … Use a comma to separate items in a series.More items…
Where do I place a comma?
Commas (Eight Basic Uses) … USE A COMMA TO SEPARATE INDEPENDENT CLAUSES. … USE A COMMA AFTER AN INTRODUCTORY CLAUSE OR PHRASE. … USE A COMMA BETWEEN ALL ITEMS IN A SERIES. … USE COMMAS TO SET OFF NONRESTRICTIVE CLAUSES. … USE A COMMA TO SET OFF APPOSITIVES. … USE A COMMA TO INDICATE DIRECT ADDRESS.More items…
What are commas examples?
Commas and periods are the most frequently used punctuation marks. Commas customarily indicate a brief pause; they’re not as final as periods. Rule 1. Use commas to separate words and word groups in a simple series of three or more items. Example: My estate goes to my husband, son, daughter-in-law, and nephew.
Should I put a comma before and?
It is grammatically correct to use a comma before and (and other coordinating conjunctions such as but, or, nor) only when it splits two independent clauses (i.e. if you remove the and you will be left with two complete sentences), or if you’re using it as an Oxford comma.
Do you put a comma before the word and in a list?
The comma before the word and in a list of three or more things is the Oxford comma. It’s also called the Serial comma. Writers use it to separate the last item in a list to avoid uncertainty or misunderstandings. One classic example that is often quoted is, to my parents, Ayn Rand, and God.Jan 27, 2021
What is the name of the comma before and?
In English-language punctuation, a serial comma (also called a series comma, Oxford comma, or Harvard comma) is a comma placed immediately after the penultimate term (i.e., before the coordinating conjunction, such as and or or) in a series of three or more terms.
What are the 3 comma rules?
Since I made such a stink about it, let’s start with this rule:Use a comma between items in a series or list.Use a comma between two independent clauses separated by a conjunction.Use a comma between two adjectives preceding a noun.Your Mission.Apr 19, 2012
What are some common mistakes to watch for when using commas?
6 Common Comma Usage MistakesAdding A Comma Before “That” In A Clause. … Not Using a Comma Between Two Independent Clauses That Are Connected By A Coordinating Conjunction. … Using A Comma Before A Verb In Relative Clause. … Comma Splice and Run-On Sentence. … Using A Comma in An Essential Adjective Clause.More items…•Feb 11, 2018
What are the 10 uses of comma?
The Ten Uses of a CommaLinking coordinating main clauses. … Marking off introductory and contextualising words and phrases at the start of the sentence. … Inserting additional information at the end of a sentence. … Signalling implications, examples and introducing argumentative points. … Parenthetical elements mid-sentence.More items…
What are the 6 types of commas?
Six Comma RulesPut a comma before for, and, not, but, or, yet, so (FANBOYS), when they connect two. … Put a comma after an introductory expression that doesn’t flow smoothly into the. … Put a comma between items in a series. … Put commas around an expression that interrupts the flow of the sentence (such as.More items…
What are the 4 sentence types?
There are four types of sentences: simple, compound, complex, and compound-complex. Each sentence is defined by the use of independent and dependent clauses, conjunctions, and subordinators.
Can you use a comma in a simple sentence?
Simple sentences A simple sentence contains only one independent clause and no dependent clauses. When a simple sentence contains a conjunction, you might be tempted to insert a comma before the conjunction, as you do with a compound sentence. With a simple sentence, however, the general rule is to omit the comma.
How many commas can you use in a sentence?
1 Answer. There’s no set limit, but it has to make sense, and their use can affect the meaning.Oct 28, 2016
Can I start a sentence with and?
It’s perfectly acceptable to begin a sentence with and (as well as doing so with words such as but or or). Using and at the beginning of a sentence has been a practice for over a thousand years.
Do you use a comma when Listing 2 things?
When making a list, commas are the most common way to separate one list item from the next. The final two items in the list are usually separated by and or or, which should be preceeded by a comma. Amongst editors this final comma in a list is known as the Oxford Comma.
When writing Happy Birthday Do you use a comma?
Because you typically say “Happy birthday,” directly to someone, you would use a comma after the “Happy birthday” but before their name.Feb 25, 2022
What is the difference between an Oxford comma and a regular comma?
The main difference between Oxford comma and comma is that an Oxford comma refers to a comma that usually comes before the final conjunction of a sentence, while a regular comma is a punctuation mark that depicts the divisions in a particular sentence.Dec 21, 2021
Do you put a comma after Good afternoon and before a name?
A salutation usually has two components: a greeting or an adjective, and the name or title of the person you’re addressing. In the previous example, the salutation is composed of an adjective and a name, and there’s no comma between the two. However, a comma should separate a direct greeting and a person’s name.May 20, 2019